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ODIN

Mfumu ya Milungu ya Aesir

Odin ndi m'modzi mwa anthu ovuta komanso ovuta kwambiri mu nthano za Norse. Iye ndi wolamulira wa fuko la Aesir la milungu, komabe nthawi zambiri amapita kutali ndi ufumu wawo, Asgard, kuyendayenda kwautali, payekhapayekha m'chilengedwe chonse pongofuna kudzikonda. Iye ndi wofunafuna mosatopa komanso wopatsa nzeru, koma samasamala za chikhalidwe cha anthu.​​ monga chilungamo, chilungamo, kapena kulemekeza malamulo. Iye ndi mtetezi waumulungu wa olamulira, komanso wa zigawenga. Iye ndi mulungu wankhondo, komanso mulungu wa ndakatulo, ndipo ali ndi mikhalidwe yodziwika bwino ya "effeminate" yomwe ikanabweretsa manyazi osaneneka kwa msilikali wa mbiri yakale wa Viking. Amapembedzedwa ndi anthu ofuna kutchuka, ulemu, ndi ulemu, komabe nthawi zambiri amatembereredwa chifukwa chokhala wachinyengo. Odin imaphatikizapo ndi kupereka ndizomwe zimagwirizanitsa mbali zambiri za moyo zomwe zimagwirizanitsidwa kwambiri ndi: nkhondo, ulamuliro, nzeru, matsenga, shamanism, ndakatulo, ndi akufa. Asing'anga "amene njira zawo zomenyera nkhondo ndi zochitika zauzimu zomwe zimagwirizanitsidwa nazo zimakhazikika pokwaniritsa mgwirizano wokondwa ndi nyama zina zolusa za totem, nthawi zambiri mimbulu kapena zimbalangondo, komanso, kuwonjezera, ndi Odin mwiniwake, mbuye wa zilombo zotere. Odin nthawi zambiri amakhala mulungu wokondedwa. komanso wothandizira zigawenga, omwe adachotsedwa pagulu chifukwa cha milandu yoyipa kwambiri. Chimodzi mwamakhalidwe ochititsa chidwi kwambiri a maonekedwe ake ndi diso lake limodzi, loboola. diso lake lina lilibe kanthu diso lomwe poyamba ankagwira linaperekedwa nsembe chifukwa cha nzeru. Odin amatsogolera Valhalla, malo otchuka kwambiri a nyumba za akufa. Pambuyo pa nkhondo iliyonse, iye ndi mizimu yake yothandizira, ma valkyries amapesa m'munda ndikutenga theka la ankhondo ophedwa kuti abwerere ku Valhalla.

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THOR

Mulungu wa Asgard

Thor, mulungu wamabingu wanthabwala, ndiye mtundu wakale wa wankhondo wokhulupirika ndi wolemekezeka, njira yabwino yomwe wankhondo wamba wamunthu amalakalaka. Iye ndi woteteza mosatopa wa milungu ya Aesir ndi linga lawo Asgard, Palibe amene ali woyenera ntchito imeneyi kuposa Thor. . Kulimba mtima kwake ndi udindo wake sizingagwedezeke, ndipo mphamvu zake zimakhala zosayerekezeka. Amakhala ndi lamba wamphamvu yemwe sanatchulidwe dzina lomwe limapangitsa mphamvu zake kukhala zowopsa kwambiri akavala lambayo. Chinthu chake chodziwika tsopano, ndi nyundo yake Mjöllnir. Si kaŵirikaŵiri pamene amapita kulikonse popanda izo. Kwa anthu achikunja a ku Scandinavia, monga mmene mabingu analili chithunzithunzi cha Thor, mphezi inali chisonyezero cha zimphona zake zopha nyundo pamene iye ankakwera mlengalenga m’galeta lake lokokedwa ndi mbuzi. Zochita zake m’ndege yaumulungu zinasonyezedwa ndi zochita zake pa ndege ya munthu (Midgard), kumene anakopeka ndi awo ofunikira chitetezero, chitonthozo, ndi dalitso ndi kuyeretsedwa kwa malo, zinthu, ndi zochitika. Thor ankaonedwanso ngati mulungu wa ulimi, chonde, ndi kupatulika. Zokhudzana ndi zakale, izi mwina zinali zowonjezera za udindo wa Thor monga mulungu wakumwamba yemwenso adayambitsa mvula.

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VIDAR

Mulungu wa Kubwezera

Vídar ndi mulungu wogwirizana ndi kubwezera ndipo ndi mwana wa Odin. Vidar amatchedwa mulungu wachete yemwe amavala nsapato yokhuthala, amakhala pafupifupi wofanana ndi mphamvu ya Thor, ndipo nthawi zonse amatha kuwerengedwa kuti athandize Aesir pamavuto awo. pulumuka nkhondo yomaliza.

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TYR

Mulungu Wankhondo

Umulungu wankhondo ndi ulemelero wachigololo, Turo ankawonedwa ngati milungu yolimba mtima kwambiri ya milungu ya Norse. Ndipo mosasamala kanthu za kugwirizana kwake ndi nkhondo - makamaka machitidwe a mikangano, kuphatikizapo mapangano, chiyambi chake ndi chosamvetsetseka, ndi mulungu mwinamwake kukhala mmodzi mwa akale kwambiri ndipo tsopano ndi ofunika kwambiri kwa anthu akale, mpaka adalowetsedwa ndi Odin.

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IDUN

Mulungu Wamkazi Wotsitsimuka

Idun ndi mkazi wa ndakatulo wa Asgard komanso woyimba nyimbo wa Mulungu Bragi. Ankaonedwa ngati mulungu wamkazi wa ku Norse wa unyamata wamuyaya. Mbali imeneyi inaimiridwa ndi tsitsi lake lalitali lalitali lagolide. Kupitilira muzochita zake, inali mphamvu zobisika zomwe anali nazo zomwe zimakondweretsa kwambiri okonda nthano.

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LOKI

Mulungu wa Trickster

Loki ndi mwana wa Farbauti ndi Laufey, yemwe mwina amakhala ku Jotunheim, abambo ake ndi a Jötunn, ndipo amayi ake ndi Asynja zomwe sizikudziwika bwino za iwo, kupatula tanthauzo la mayina awo, Farbauti akhoza kumasuliridwa, owopsa / wowombera wankhanza ndipo Laufey amadziwika bwino ndi dzina lake At lomwe limatanthauza singano. Loki alinso ndi ana atatu owopsa, Jörmungandr, The Fenrir Wolf, ndi Hel, mfumukazi ya kudziko lapansi. Jötunn wamkazi, Angrboda ndi mayi wa onse atatu. Loki si woipa, komanso si wabwino, ankakhala ku Asgard ngakhale kuti akuchokera ku Jotunheim (dziko la zimphona). Amakonda kuvutitsa aliyense ndi aliyense makamaka, kwa Amulungu ndi Amulungu. Loki ngati munthu wodabwitsa wochititsa mantha, yemwe ndi wosadalirika, wamanyazi, wonyoza, wachinyengo, komanso wanzeru komanso wochenjera. Iye wadziwa luso lachinyengo, matsenga amtundu wina, zomwe zimamupatsa mphamvu yosintha zinthu mu chirichonse, ndipo inde, ndikutanthauza mu chamoyo chilichonse chimene akufuna. Komabe, ngakhale kuti Loki ali ndi khalidwe lovuta komanso lofotokozera, adanenedweratu kuti adzakhala ndi udindo wa imfa ya milungu yambiri ya Norse pa Ragnarok.

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HEIMDALL

Mulungu wa Asgard

Kupitilira luso lake lapamwamba lakuwona ndi kumva, Heimdall, woyenerera udindo wake monga woyang'anira Asgard, analinso ndi mphamvu yodziwiratu. M'lingaliro lina, mulungu wotetezayo ankayang'anira oukira osati pa ndege yeniyeni komanso pa nthawi ya nthawi, motero amatchula za tsogolo lake lovomerezeka pa nthawi yovuta ya Ragnarök. 

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Chithunzi cha FREYR

Mulungu Wobala

Milungu ya dziko lakale kaŵirikaŵiri si yabwino kapena yoipa koma, mofanana ndi anthu, imakhala yolakwa ndipo nthaŵi zina imatha kuchita zoipa. Mulungu wa Norse Freyr si wosiyana, koma ngati pakhala mpikisano wa mulungu wokondedwa kwambiri, Freyr angakhale ndi mwayi wochokapo ndi mphoto.

Freyr nthawi zambiri amawonetsedwa ngati munthu wamanyazi, wolimba mtima wokhala ndi tsitsi lalitali loyenda. Nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi lupanga ndipo nthawi zambiri amatsagana ndi nguluwe yake yayikulu yagolide, Gullinbursti. Popeza Freyr ndi mwana wa mulungu wa m'nyanja ndipo iyenso ndi mulungu wa dzuwa, titha kuwona mitu yonse iwiriyi m'zojambula zomwe zimamuwonetsa. Zithunzi zina zidzamuwonetsa atanyamula nyanga, popeza m’nthano yake ina amakakamizika kupereka lupanga lake ndipo m’malo mwake ayenera kuchita ndi nyanga. Monga mulungu wobereketsa, Freyr nthawi zina amawonetsedwa ngati munthu yemwe amapatsidwa bwino kwambiri Mmodzi mwa chuma chake chachikulu chinali chombo chake, Skithblathnir. Sitimayi inali chombo chamatsenga chodabwitsa chomwe nthawi zonse chimakhala ndi mphepo yabwino, zivute zitani. Komabe, chimenecho sichinali chinyengo chake chachikulu: Skithblathnir amatha kupindika kukhala kachinthu kakang'ono kamene kamatha kulowa m'thumba. Sitima yodabwitsayi idalola Freyr kuyenda panyanja mosavuta. Pamtunda iye sanakakamizidwe kuyenda wapansi, ngakhale. Iye anali ndi gareta lokongola kwambiri lokokedwa ndi nguluwe zomwe zinkabweretsa mtendere kulikonse kumene likupita.

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Mtengo wa FRIGG

Mfumukazi ya Milungu ya Aesir

Frigg anali mkazi wa Odin.Anali Mfumukazi ya Aesir ndi mulungu wamkazi wakumwamba. Ankadziwikanso kuti ndi mulungu wamkazi wa kubereka, banja, umayi, chikondi, ukwati, ndi zaluso zapakhomo. Frigg amaganizira kwambiri za moyo wa banja lake. Ngakhale kuti adadalitsidwa kwambiri, adakumananso ndi zowawa kwambiri, zomwe pamapeto pake zidakhala cholowa chake. Ngakhale kuti Frigg ankakhulupirira kuti anali mkazi wolemekezeka, iye anapezerapo mwayi woposa mwamuna wake ndi kuthetsa mkangano pakati pa anthu akunja. Odin ankadziwika kuti anali wofunitsitsa kwambiri koma mu nthano iyi, Frigg adapeza njira yodutsa izi.

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BALDER

Mulungu wa Kuwala ndi Chiyero

Balder, mwana wa Odin ndi Frigg. Mulungu wa Chikondi ndi Kuwala, amaperekedwa nsembe ku Midsummer ndi mistletoe, ndipo amabadwanso ku Jule. Anayamikiridwanso monga mulungu wachilungamo, wanzeru, ndi wachisomo amene kukongola kwake kunachititsa manyazi maluwa okongola amene analipo. Pogwirizana ndi maonekedwe ake, nyumba yake ya Breidablik ku Asgard inkaonedwa kuti ndi yokongola kwambiri kuposa maholo onse omwe anali m'malo otetezedwa a milungu ya Norse, owonetsa mbali zake zasiliva zonyezimira ndi zipilala zokongoletsedwa zomwe zimalola kuti mitima yoyera ilowemo.

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BRAGI

Mulungu wa Asgard

Bragi mulungu wa ndakatulo wa ku Norse .. Bragi ayenera kuti anali ndi makhalidwe ndi mbiri yakale ya zaka za m'ma 900 Bragi Boddason, yemwe ayenera kuti anatumikira m'mabwalo a Ragnar Lodbrok ndi Björn Ironside ku Hauge. Mulungu Bragi ankadziwika ngati bard ya Valhalla, holo yokongola kwambiri ya Odin komwe ngwazi zonse zakugwa ndi ankhondo asonkhana kuti achite 'chiwonetsero' chomaliza ku Ragnarok. Kuti zimenezi zitheke, Bragi anatamandidwa monga wolemba ndakatulo ndi mulungu waluso amene ankaimba ndi kusangalatsa magulu ankhondo a Einherjar, ankhondo amene anafera kunkhondo ndipo anabweretsedwa ku holo yaikulu ya Odin ndi gulu la Valkyries.

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HEL

Mkazi wamkazi wa Underworld

Hel amawoneka ngati mulungu wamkazi wa dziko lapansi. Anatumizidwa ndi Odin ku Helheim / Niflheim kuti akatsogolere mizimu ya akufa, kupatulapo omwe anaphedwa pankhondo ndikupita ku Valhalla. Inali ntchito yake kudziŵa tsogolo la miyoyo imene inalowa m’malo ake. Hel nthawi zambiri amawonetsedwa ndi mafupa ake kunja kwa thupi lake osati mkati. Nthawi zambiri amawonetsedwa mwakuda ndi zoyera, kuwonetsanso kuti amayimira mbali zonse zamitundu yonse. Pakati pa milungu yachikazi ya Norse, adanenedwa kuti anali wamphamvu kwambiri, kuposa Odin mwiniwake, mkati mwa ufumu wake Hel. Chochitika chomvetsa chisoni cha imfa ya Balder chimatsimikizira kuyanjana koteroko kwa mphamvu chifukwa pamapeto pake kugwera pa Hel kuti asankhe tsogolo la moyo wa mulungu yemwe ankaonedwa kuti ndi wanzeru kwambiri ndipo tsopano ndi woyera mwa milungu yonse ya Norse ya Osir.

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NJORD

Mulungu wa Nyanja ndi Chuma

Njord kwenikweni ndi mulungu wa Vanir wa mphepo, oyenda panyanja, usodzi, ndi kusaka, koma amalumikizidwanso ndi chonde, mtendere, ndi chuma. Amakhala ku Asgard m’nyumba ina yotchedwa Nóatún (malo otchingidwa ndi Sitima) yomwe ili pafupi ndi nyanja. Awa ndi malo omwe amawakonda kwambiri, amatha kumvetsera mafunde usana ndi usiku, ndikusangalala ndi mphepo yamchere yamchere yochokera kunyanja. Njord wakhala mulungu wofunikira kwambiri ku Scandinavia, madera ndi matauni ambiri adatchedwa dzina lake. Mwachitsanzo, chigawo chakumidzi Nærum kumpoto kwa Copenhagen amatanthauza nyumba ya Njords.

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FREYA

Mulungu Wamkazi wa Choikidwiratu ndi Choikidwiratu

Freya ndi wotchuka chifukwa cha kukonda kwake chikondi, chonde, kukongola, ndi zinthu zabwino zakuthupi. Freya anali membala wa Vanir fuko la milungu, koma adakhala membala wolemekezeka wa milungu ya Aesir pambuyo pa nkhondo ya Aesir-Vanir. Freya ankaonedwanso kuti ndi mmodzi mwa milungu yachikazi ya ku Norse monga wolamulira wa dziko la pambuyo pa moyo wa Folkvang, zomwe zinamulola kuti asankhe theka la ankhondo omwe anaphedwa pankhondo omwe angafotokoze zotsatira za tsogolo la nkhondo zoterezi ndi matsenga ake.